For most people, the concept of farming involves plants planted on the soil. But the hydroponic system is different. Instead, it’s a way to grow plants based on the use of water filled with the nutrients the plants need. So instead of using soil, you’ll use an inert medium like clay pellets or perlite. The plant roots come in direct contact with the nutrient solution, while it also comes in direct contact with oxygen.
The Advantages of a Hydroponic System
Many people have shifted to the use of hydroponics when growing plants because of its many advantages.
- You can grow plants the whole year round.
- You can grow plants anywhere since you don’t need soil at all.
- Because there’s no soil, you don’t have to till, change, or mulch the soil at all. You don’t have any problems with weeds either. You also don’t need to test the soil or fix any soil setup.
- The space you need isn’t much, and on average you need 20% less space.
- The water you use is only 5% of the amount of water you use for a soil-based system. The water conservation is due to the fact that the water you use can be reused.
- You’re able to use a sterile setting, so there are no pests—and no pesticides either.
- You can even get complete control over the nutrient balance your plants get.
- Plants can grow 25% faster. That’s because they don’t expend unnecessary energy to obtain nutrients.
- Harvesting is easy, and you can harvest up to 30% more plants this way.
- It’s much better for the environment. That’s because the system reduces the amount of waste it produces. There’s also no soil runoff that can harm the environment.